Knowing your rights may go a long way when it comes to keeping you out of legal trouble. When Indiana authorities make a traffic stop and ask to search your vehicle, they need to have more than a hunch that you or someone else inside is engaging in something illegal.
Per FlexYourRights.org, unless certain circumstances exist during the stop, you do not have to allow law enforcement officials to search your car or truck. Whether they have the right to move forward with a search without your consent depends on whether they have probable cause.
When authorities have probable cause
To conduct a search of your home, law enforcement officials need to have a warrant. However, this is not the case when it comes to conducting a search of your car. To look around your car without your consent, all an officer needs is some type of evidence suggesting something illegal is taking place. If the officer sees stolen property in plain sight in your vehicle, this may give him or her cause to conduct a thorough search. If the smell of an illegal substance wafts out when you roll down your window, this may also give an officer a legal right to search without consent.
When authorities lack probable cause
In the absence of probable cause or a warrant, you may exercise your right to refuse the search request. If you choose to do so, make sure to be as clear as possible when refusing the search request. Also, remain polite and courteous when informing the officer of your refusal.
Authorities on the scene may try to use tricky language or questions to get you to agree to the search request. Knowing your rights helps ensure that you do not fall for these tactics.